Aamir Kabir is one of the most influential people in this land. Although he was not from the noble and court class, he reached the position of patriarch of the Qajar court with his intelligence and rendered valuable services to Iran. By limiting the corruption and luxury of the courtiers and preventing foreign espionage, he was soon enraged by the courtiers and killed by the agent of Nasir al-Din Shah. One of his main services was the creation of an espionage and counterintelligence network to prevent plots by foreigners, including Russia and England, about which little was said.
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After the death of Muhammad Shah Qajar, Mirza Taqi Khan brought the Crown Prince of Tabriz to Tehran and placed him on the throne. Nasir al-Din Shah appointed him to the chancellery and gave Atabeg Azam and Amir Kabir to Mirza Muhammad Taqi Khan. After this ruling, Amir Kabir married Tani Shah’s sister on the advice of Nasir al-Din Shah. Through his chancellery, he provided important services to Iran, and although he was an advisor to Iran for only three years and three months, in this short period he took important steps to advance and improve people’s lives. One of his first acts was the reforms he carried out in the cultural, political and economic fields. Reforms that courtiers do not like. Among the important cultural works of Amir Kabir, we mention the establishment of the Art House School, the establishment of a printing house, the translation of European books, the sending of students to Europe, and the creation of the Waqaa newspaper. . I am discriminatory. Also, with the development of sugar cane cultivation in Mazandaran and Khuzestan, the development of saffron cultivation in Khorasan, the establishment of a paper and silk weaving factory in Tehran, the establishment of porcelain, silk weaving and the crystal industry. Factories, changes were made in the economic field, the establishment of a coercive law, military procurement, some of his reform measures in the field of military affairs, the establishment of factories for the manufacture of simple weapons, military uniforms, he was standardized. Create. It is possible to refer to security on the roads and the establishment of barracks and barracks near the cities to shorten the hands of foreign powers from interfering in affairs and the like. Other services for Amir Kabir to Iran.
But among his devices, which are not mentioned often, is the establishment of the first intelligence network in Iran to combat espionage.
The two spies had rooted
During the Qajar period, especially after Iran’s defeat in the war with Russia, the influence of foreign embassies in Iran reached its peak. During this period, the foreign embassies had a great influence on the Qajar court and were able to attract good sources of information from the princes and courtiers. Accepting bribes from the Russian, British and Ottoman embassies became his current practice. For this reason, the King and the Chancellor sometimes had to consult and coordinate with the political representatives of the British and Russian governments to carry out some business.
Amir Kabir, seeing the situation as unfavorable, decided to carry out reforms. To implement these reforms, he had to penetrate among the courtiers and officials. So he created an espionage and counterintelligence organization whose officers he called “Prince Manhayan”. They were chosen by trustworthy and honest people to monitor affairs and obtain information from courtiers, soldiers, soldiers and people of internal influence. For this purpose, Mirza Taqi Khan had a network of “puzzles” that traveled between the capital and the provinces. Some of them lived in big cities. Before Amir Kabir, there was a system of monitoring the provinces and authorities, but it was written in history that it was ineffective. In addition, one of Amir Kabir’s initiatives was to create a counterintelligence organization to control embassies, ambassadors, and other foreign diplomats.
Amir Kabir was saying mysterious words
The efficiency and meticulousness of Amir Kabir’s chosen people was so great that many people believed in Mirza Taqi Khan’s relationship with the world of occultism, and some believed that he was associated with demons and “better than us”. Get information from them.
Amir’s servants, influenced by different sects and religions, helped Amir prevent Kabir from carrying out his evil plans. For example, when one of the Babi chiefs plotted to kill Mirza Abul-Qasim Imam Juma and wanted to attack the royal family, the Minions overheard the plot and Amir Kabir was defeated.
influence among foreigners
And since Amir Kabir was against the interference of foreigners, especially the British and Russian governments in Iran, and he considered this interference to be the cause of many sabotages, he decided that some members of his counterintelligence team should infiltrate the embassies. For this, he appointed employees of some embassies.
India was a British colony at that time. In a letter dated August 11, 1849, “Colonel Shayle”, the British ambassador in Tehran, wrote to the British Viceroy in India: “The council needs three hundred lire to identify the emir’s spies in Tehran, in the provinces.” Spending such an amount is appropriate and necessary. But Amir Kabir’s counterintelligence team was so effective that despite all these efforts, Colonel Shail was unable to discover Amir Kabir’s network.
The influence of the Menkhion network in the Russian embassy confused the ambassador and the embassy staff. In Nawadar al-Amir’s book, it was stated: “One of the people of the Russian embassy said that the Iranians do not believe in the existence of jinn for any reason, and there must be a prince of order.” [امیرکبیر] He was taken prisoner by a genie, and as the Russian ambassador wished to negotiate with the Iranians for the benefit of his vassal government, as it was late at night, he lit up the rooms of the embassy with a few eunuchs, one of whom was the “deputy” of the slave. And behind the shop [زیرپای چارپایان] And the gables and corners of the palace, even the empty house [دستشویی] It was investigated. After confirmation, he sent a message from Iran and the next day a message from Amir Nizam [امیرکبیر] He reached the ambassador, who understood Amir Nizam’s information about the night talks. The important thing is that Amir Kabir once saw the deputy of Ghulaman and realized that he was Muslim and Iranian and asked why do you serve the Russians? Instead of being their servant, be our servant. Then, assuring more confidentiality rights, he was required to remain at the embassy and pass everything between the ambassador and the embassy staff to Iran through an intermediary. He also promised to order his death if the matter was discussed with anyone but himself.
Finally, after Amir Kabir was overthrown and assassinated, his espionage and counterespionage organization was completely destroyed, leaving no trace of Amir’s network. Foreign embassies were also liberated from Emir Kabir’s spies and counterintelligence agents. Now that there was no one to get access to his private, secret secrets and foil his plans, he continued his intrigue with a relaxed mind.
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