Scientific and medical

Children suffering from kidney stones and their therapeutic solutions

The treatment of kidney stones in infants and children depends on the size and type of stone. At the first stage, specialists try to use a minimally invasive method, such as medicine, for treatment. If the stone is large, surgery is recommended. Surgery is performed in several ways that we mention in this article from the Faculty of Medicine.

What is the cause of kidney stones in children?

Kidney stones are deposits of salts, minerals and minerals. In fact, when urine is concentrated, these substances turn into crystals and then into stones. This problem is more common in adults, but some children can have it at any age. The occurrence of this disease in children is mostly due to genetic and background causes. The following factors increase the likelihood of developing kidney stones in children:

Urinary tract disorder

Some children have defects in the urinary system. This problem can block the urethra. The accumulation of urine provides the basis for the formation of kidney stones.

unhealthy food

High consumption of salt and sweets causes kidney stones in children. Foods rich in salt cause calcium stones to form in the urinary system.

Lack of exercise

An important factor that increases the risk of developing this disease is the inability of children to move. Overweight and obesity among children is on the rise, which is why they are susceptible to this disease.


The less fluid you drink, the more acidic and concentrated your urine will be. For this reason, the risk of developing kidney stones also increases.

Metabolic disorders

The most common cause of kidney stones in children is metabolic disorders. This problem can lead to excessive excretion of calcium through the urine, and thus the child is exposed to calcium stones. Another factor that increases the risk of developing kidney stones in children is the excessive excretion of cysteine ​​in the urine due to a deficiency of the enzyme that breaks down oxalate. This substance can cause crystals to form in the urine. Cysteine ​​is an amino acid (one of the building blocks of protein) found in food sources such as dairy products, eggs, onions, and cabbage.

The size of these stones can vary from one inch to several centimeters. Small stones are usually expelled from the body through the urethra. The patient feels pain and may bleed a little during movement and remove it. But larger stones require treatment. Otherwise, other problems such as a urinary blockage or a urinary tract infection are likely to occur. Oxalate is a natural substance found in most foods.

For an online appointment and consultation with your pediatrician and nephrologist, visit Dermankade for appointments. On this site, expert consultation takes place in text and audio format. Also, by providing expert information, you will have more chances to choose a specialist doctor.

What is the cause of kidney stones in children under the age of one year?

Kidney stones are more common in premature and low-birth-weight babies. Using an oxygen machine and taking certain medications increase the risk of developing this disease in her. It is good to know that there is a significant relationship between kidney stones and powdered milk. Milk powders containing melamine increase the risk of kidney stones in children under one year of age. Melamine is an organic chemical rich in nitrogen. This article shows that the level of protein in food is unrealistically high.

How do you treat kidney stones in children?

Depending on the type and size of the stone, the specialist prescribes the method of treatment:

drinking fluids

If the gallstone is small, fluids and exercise are recommended as the first treatment for the patient. In this way, the pebble moves and is excreted through the urine. Pain and some bleeding are not forgotten. Doctors recommend drinking fluids to dilute urine and prevent kidney stones from forming again.

Kidney stones treatment in children

Oral potassium polycitrate solution is considered for the treatment of kidney stones in children. First, the dosage of the drug is determined by the weight of the child, so one milliliter of the drug is considered per kilogram. In the next step, by measuring the pH level of the urine, the dose of the drug is increased.

To book an appointment with a good nephrologist in Tehran, you can use the online services of Salamat Clinic. Dermancadeh is not a medical center, but it cooperates with specialized doctors throughout Tehran province. By visiting this aggregation site, you can easily make an appointment with a specialist doctor online.

Kidney stones in children

In this technique, sound waves are used to break the stone into smaller pieces. Smaller stones are then passed through the urine. This method of treatment is relatively painful and takes from 45 to 60 minutes.

Kidney stone surgery

Sometimes kidney stones are so large that they block the ureter and cause a urinary tract infection. Surgery is usually used to remove these stones. The surgery can be done laparoscopically, percutaneously, and through open surgery.


This technology uses a tiny camera and a basket-like device to identify and remove stones. A camera and medical instruments guide the kidneys through the bladder and urethra. If the stones are large, they are first broken into smaller pieces using a laser. This surgery does not require hospitalization and the patient is discharged on the same day.

Percutaneous Kidney Stone Surgery PCNL

This technique requires general anesthesia. During this, a centimeter incision is made on the skin of the pelvis or flank. A camera and medical instruments are guided into the kidney stones through this incision. The medical device can separate the stone due to its ability to absorb. This way the patient must stay in the hospital for 2 to 4 days.

Open surgery to treat kidney stones

Currently, the use of this method is less common. If the kidney stones are very large and do not respond to other treatment methods, open surgery is recommended as an effective solution.

How can I make an appointment with a urologist online?

For online booking for urologists and other specialties Dr. Khun (Oncologist) You have many options. The best option is to use online medical services. Dermakada is your bridge to specialized doctors working throughout Tehran Province. If necessary, you can also use the testing services in the clinic.

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