This apparent reverse migration has another effect called marginalization. This means that the desire to leave Tehran was not only formed, but led to the migration of the poor to the outskirts of Tehran.
According to the news magazine jam jam He wrote: The news that was mentioned has an interesting appearance, and the news is: “The immigration rate in Tehran is negative.” This title is perfectly aligned with the implementation of policies that decision makers have been looking for for decades.
This statement was announced yesterday by the Deputy Minister of Urban and Rural Development with the addition of the adverb “fortunately”, but behind this news lies something else, which is contained in the following statements of this official. The reason for the reverse migration from Tehran to the cities of the province is due to the rise in land and housing prices and the deterioration of living conditions in Tehran. Tehran Expensive was one of the previous government’s urban policies. Considering that the solution to decentralization in the capital is the cost of public services, try to implement a scheme in which citizens who cross city highways are charged with tolls. All these options were on the table of the former city managers and in all these years due to the concentration of facilities in the capital, this city was at the top of the list of the most immigrant-friendly cities in Iran, but now problems arose with high housing prices. It prompted poor Tehran residents to move to the outskirts of the capital. Contrary to the “lucky” reading of the Deputy Minister of Civil, Urban and Rural Development in the Ministry of the Interior, this is not a fun event and serves to increase the social damage caused by public protest and growing marginalization. In 2015, data from the Iranian Statistics Center showed that Tehran remains the main destination for migrants and that 25% of all Iranian migrants are to the capital. 25% of 517 thousand people that year. This process continues and every year more people join the population of Tehran than those who decide to leave the capital.
In governments 11 and 12, that is, in the past eight years, 3% of the deposit was paid for the rent of a square meter of residential infrastructure in Tehran, and the monthly rent increased 3.5 times. From about 16 thousand tomans in spring 2018. It reached about 56 thousand tomans in spring 2018. Accommodation covers more than 70% of the cost. Having said all this, it begs the question, what makes people still want to stay in the capital?
Sociologist Dhofar Bay believes that the economic factor is the main reason for migration to the capital, but it is not the only reason, and for this reason, it is illogical to make decisions based on increased costs. He lives in the capital. Previously, Leejam Jam says, we should have made a fair distribution of welfare facilities across the country in order to reduce the attractiveness of immigration due to jobs or facilities for citizens of other cities. The concentration in Tehran caused an overpopulation. And it made it more difficult to live in this city. When we say that economic factors are not the only reason for emigration, we know that since the income of the people of Tehran is several times more than that of other cities, the cost of this city is also higher. Compared to other cities, the devastating and negative effects of increasing cost of living in Tehran are very high.
This apparent reverse migration has another effect called marginalization. This means that the desire to leave Tehran was not only formed, but led to the migration of the poor to the outskirts of Tehran. Many sociologists believe that with the increase in the cost of living in Tehran, the people who migrated to Tehran from various villages and cities, instead of returning to their towns and villages, settle in the suburbs of Tehran. Naturally, this migration adds to the city’s problems. Because if they go back to their original hometown, Tehran city will have no problem, but when these people migrate to the suburbs of Tehran, there will definitely be consequences. Works that have been mentioned many times before by social experts.
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