Ayatollah Seyyed Muhammad Saeed Hakim Mirza Taqlid died at the age of 87 on Friday, 12 Rabi’ al-Awwal 1400 AH corresponding to Muharram 25, 1443 AH, due to a heart attack. This great scholar, after passing the seminary and studying religious and clerical studies and reaching the rank of ijtihad, was never an example to stay at home and pick up a pen and a book! Instead, he was among the anti-repression activists under Saddam. Activities that led to years of imprisonment in Iraq. His imprisonment came as a result of the university’s youth efforts to consolidate their religious foundations and the growth of the Muslim youth generation in Iraq at that time. And the late Ayatollah al-Hakim spared no effort to adapt to this thought and thought, and tried to do so by holding Qur’an and exegesis meetings and reviving the history and religious practices of Islam. Its broad and lofty goals.
According to Masum (peace be upon him), he tried to convey the message of true Islam, which is the message of the Ahl al-Bayt School, peace be upon him, to everyone, especially the young and educated generation.
What is important is that until the last moments of the life of this great authority, lectures and visits by seminarians, academics, academics and social leaders are given inside Iraq and missionaries are sent to the ends of the world, and not by Muslims – by Muslims. In the meantime, reviving the rituals of al-Husayni, participating in the gatherings and processions of the martyrs, and persuading Imam al-Husayn (peace be upon him) to pray for him were among the special activities of this great personality.
For this reason, Ayatollah al-Hakim considered during the suppression of the Ba’athist government an attempt to initiate and promote the Arbaeen pilgrimage to Iraq. This religious declaration, which was considered as a large gathering of Shiites in every era, got weaker and weaker due to the pressure of the government! Therefore, he was one of the Shiite jurists of the era and was imprisoned for the crime of reviving the forty pilgrimage.
After the death of Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Abul-Qasim Khoei in 1371, Ayatollah Seyyed Muhammad Syed Hakim declared his authority. His declaration of power coincided with the fate and example of Iraq’s Shiites and Grand Ayatollah Sistani.
He did not limit his authority in Iraq to religious teachings and institutes. Instead, by sending populist religious delegations to deprived areas of Iraq and distant tribes, he attempted to solve the worldly and ideological problems of distant Shiites.
Ayatollah Muhammad Saeed al-Hakim had new opinions on some jurisprudential issues.. Among other things, he considered punishing apostates in this world outside the duty of Muslims.
He also considered that the horizons of the continents of Asia, Africa and Oceania are the same with regard to the issue of sighting the moon, and based on this fatwa, if the crescent is seen in one of the cities of these regions. Other regions will also have their own legal rulings.
And the late Ayatollah al-Hakim, one of the officers of Najaf, and the granddaughter of the late Ayatollah Sayyid Muhsin Hakim Bozer. The ayatollah combined religious knowledge with social, political and historical information, including humility, morals, decency and many other personal traits, and he did not stop writing and composing in Iraq and abroad and was unique in this field. He authored more than 20 books in the fields of jurisprudence, principles, beliefs, history and analysis of the Karbala event.
He was tortured in Saddam’s prison for nearly 9 years, he did not stop learning and in prison, he taught all the seminary courses from the basics to Al Kafi community to his sons and other clerics. He was very active in the field of social issues, and despite his advanced age and the effects of torture, in addition to private meetings with political, social and religious figures, he held about three to four meetings with different groups of people daily. .
In addition to his daily lessons, dozens of Hawza stars appeared beside his vast academic office every day, and now each of these stars is considered one of the prominent scholars of the Najaf school.
On the day of Ashura, they hold a ceremony of reading the dead, and this tradition has continued for centuries.
I remember that after the fall of the Baath regime in the first decade of Ashura, in order to strengthen and strengthen the mourning of Hosseini and his marches in Najaf, Ashraf tried to attend and mourn for a few moments at each of these Hosseini gatherings!
Every year in Urban, though signs of torture and imprisonment were evident on his fingers and toes, though he had to sit in a wheelchair or a carriage, he walked a long distance in Urban Hosea, and sometimes the child became beautiful. . Ghadiya or the Hajj carriage reached old age and participated in this success more.
Undoubtedly, he can be considered the one who revived the high tradition of the forty march of Hosseini in the last half century. Undoubtedly, the rise of that jurisprudence cylinder in the Ashraf Najaf school is a void that cannot be repaired, and his unparalleled services must be in the advancement of the holy Shiite school and his distinguished role in reviving the forty pilgrimage, supporting processions and helping the needy. . This wise scholar suffered the imprisonment and torture of the Iraqi Baath regime and did not stop fighting, and he was always on the path of spreading the pure teachings of Sicily and left behind many scientific and jurisprudential literature.
He is one of the pioneers of jihad against the enemies of Islam. He spared no effort in spreading the word of truth and spreading the pure teachings of Ahl al-Bayt, purity and chastity, and tolerance of imprisonment and torture. The Baath regime in Iraq is a testimony to the martyrdom of this mujahid jurist, and many of his scholarly and jurisprudential works are mentioned and preserved in religious institutes.
He was from a noble family of scholars, jurisprudence, ijtihad, jihad, martyrdom and piety, and was considered a great example of patience and resistance by students of seminaries throughout the Shiite and Islamic world.
In addition to the religious and preaching services to this authority, his scientific and jurisprudential discoveries, especially his outstanding contribution to the revival of the Arbaeen march, and the social and cultural services to the country and the Iraqi nation are among his distinguished personalities.
During Saddam’s era, it was forbidden even to read the Qur’an in prison, but he managed to get a small old Quran, the pages of which were crumbling, and he began to work and start tafsir lessons.
According to his son, Ayatollah Sayyid Riyad Hakim, his interpretation began with Surah Juma. Of course, his translation class was completely secret and was not discovered by the prison guards. There was a pillar in the room where these nobles were sitting to worship and pray, and we were also sitting here and there. Some were talking, some were walking, and some were sleeping without anyone noticing the class. . “
Yes, great men keep moving and acting like water anywhere breaking every hatch and making waterways! Little by little, they become a noisy ocean!
One of his features was the advice he gave to different groups. I remember that in January 2014 at 23:00 in the presence of the President of the Iranian Academy of Medical Sciences and a group of its eminent members, he was honored.
This meeting was so popular with the ayatollah and the doctor, that all the meetings of that day were canceled, and everyone listened to his beautiful and precise advice and words in the content and correctness of his opinions.
I remember him talking about the impact of loading a Shiite on an African dock on those around him, then he turned to the prominent doctors and academics in the academy and said: Today your words and advice have the greatest impact on the spread of culture. Take it from the people of the house, peace be upon them.
We should thank God for the glorious device! Because the healing of people is under your authority, which has a high position on the throne of God and society, and on the other hand, the effect of your words like medicine enters the body and the cells of consumers and patients, and other categories of people.
Therefore, while you value this position, you are bound to help expand it by knowing the teachings of the Ahl al-Bayt School. Know that this is your duty and you should make the most of every opportunity in this field.
This beautiful and unforgettable meeting lasted for more than an hour, and in the end he was able to perform the congregational prayer with them, then recited the rosary in honor of Hazrat Sayyid al-Shuhada (peace be upon him) to those present. .
The sweetness and charm of this unforgettable meeting will not fade from the memory of the participants. I have always tried to understand these moments of great reference and tried to benefit from the suggestions and recommendations of Muqaddas and Najaf Ashraf during their visit. Do not forget their gatherings on Ramadan nights.
These gatherings were attended by academics from the region, university professors, celebrities, poets, writers and sometimes doctors, filled with beautiful teachings and past and present traditions of their sacred and historical past. Scholarly debates took place in various branches of jurisprudence and from the origins and sayings of scholars, and other than that, the present had no patience for that. Najaf writers and poets, such as d. Muhammad Husayn al-Saghir, Hojjat al-Islam and Muslims, Sheikh Muhammad Khaqani, and other personalities from Najaf have always enjoyed great fame for their words and sometimes poems describing the emir of al-mu. Menin (pbuh) and other innocents (peace be upon them) created a special spirituality and purity in this bond.
He was truly an eloquent orator in defense of the truth and divine rulings and the propagator of true Islam and the instructions and directives of the Ahl al-Bayt, peace be upon them. His remarkable record of service to all of Islam, mercy and sympathy to all servants of God and finally his body over nine decades of his earthly life, which he spent in support of the school of the Commander of the Faithful. . Menin, peace be upon him, and his innocent children went in the afterlife as eternal guardians at the door of the upper court.
Blessed be the day of birth, the day of death, and the day of resurrection
* Member of the Iranian Academy of Medical Sciences